91 Indiana Law Journal 17 (2015)
On December 31, 1915, the newly formed American Association of University Professors (AAUP) and its Committee on Academic Freedom and Academic Tenure accepted a set of guidelines designed to shape the organization and its work to protect academics against the termination power of their employer-universities. The “General Declaration of Principles,” drafted by approximately a dozen educators who were called from universities across the country, begins with a decided focus on the rights of individuals within the academy: “The term ‘academic freedom’ has traditionally had two applications,” the language reads at the start, “to the freedom of the teacher and to that of the student . . . .”
With that, in a very real way in the United States, academic freedom began. And its very first focus was, not surprisingly, given the authors, on the protection of the teacher.
"Academic Duty and Academic Freedom,"
Indiana Law Journal:
1, Article 3.
Available at: http://www.repository.law.indiana.edu/ilj/vol91/iss1/3