1 (2) IUSTITIA 33 (1973)
Sentencing offenders of the criminal law is a widely diverse and complex problem. Few guidelines are available for those upon whom the task has been thrust. Depending upon the jurisdiction, various parties are responsible for sentence determination: juries, administrative agencies, legislatures, and judges. Most jurisdictions, however, require the judge to make the final determination.' To aid in this determination, many jurisdictions, including federal district courts, require or permit judges to consider a presentence investigation report prepared by a professional probation officer. The use of these reports and recommendations are generally limited to felony cases or to specific crimes where probation is available as an alternative to incarceration.
"Sentencing: The Probation Officer,"
IUSTITIA: Vol. 1
, Article 8.
Available at: http://www.repository.law.indiana.edu/iustitia/vol1/iss2/8