Date of Award


Document Type


Degree Name

Master of Laws (LLM)


The current structures and draft structures grant the party leaders and the Executive undue power over the Parliament in two ways. First, by virtue of constitutional design, the Executive and the party leader’s hegemony reduce the Parliament’s capacity to act as a check on the Executive. Second, there are contextual factors correlated with political will in using available accountability mechanisms which locate beyond the design factors and they have nexus with effectiveness of the Parliament. In the other words, the contextual factor such as electoral system, party discipline, and party formations impact on the will of the parliament in holding the executive accountable. Moreover, despite the existence of some mechanisms to hold the government accountable, political accountability is eroding.